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18 m Ingersoll Gantry

Ingersoll 18 m gantry dim table-1_edited.jpg

Ingersoll Machine Tools has been a user of our VSR Process since the 1990's.    In the early 2000's we stress relieved a series of 18 m long gantries for them.   Later Ingersoll bought their own VSR System, which they still use today.   Above is a dimensional accuracy and stability profile of one of the final-machined gantry's ways, over the full length roughly 700".   The two hill-shaped curves are profiles taken two weeks apart, both curves cal'd on the left, (labeled DEVIATION INCHES) showing this gantry being straight within + / - 0.0025 inches or ~ + / - 0.064 mm.  


VSR Setup shown on the right, and also during assembly.

The length-wise line seen on top of the gantry, along with the lite-yellow material on the floor, is Oil Dry.  This was placed on the gantry to define the nodes (low amplitude locations that appear during resonance).  Two peaks were treated during the stress relief, one being a bend mode, the other torsional (twist), based by the nodal pattern.  See VSR Physics.   Placing the vibrator near a node is often a good location.


The valley shaped curve is the difference between the two, cal'd on the right, indicating that the gantry remained dimensionally stable within 0.0008 inches or ~ 0.02  mm.

The VSR Report showing the workpiece, VSR Setups and Charts, together with this and more dimensional data can be seen here.

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Advanced VSR Model 7.5



System :


-  Software plots not only workpiece amplitude vs. honest vibrator speed data, but also vibrator input power. This provides the operator the info needed to achieve the best practice VSR setup  


-  Super-low-noise, clean vibration data makes clear to the operator the steps needed to perform the VSR Process


-  Only the newest technology components, from motor drives to PC's to motor technology


-  System-wide plan to prevent excessive heat or vibration assures years of high-reliability performance, designed by PM (Preventative Maintenance) heavy-industry professionals


-  Resonance-based vibratory stress relief is both most effective and fastest, as shown by independent research

Want to see more ?     Go to VSR SYSTEMS

Console :


-  Double-gasket sealed enclosure prevents dust, dirt, oil or sprayed water from entering the enclosure, whether in storage or operating mode (NEMA 4 / IP65), preserving long-term electronic integrity.


-  Full powder coated with galvanized

rear panel (motor drive mount)


-  Allen-Bradley motor drive with xternal heat sink

exhausts 80 % + of heat outside the enclosure


-  Full-ground plane design using the Faraday Box

concept prevents EMI noise from entering or

leaving enclosure together with process signal

isolation between motor drive and PC keeps

vibration data clean and clear


-  CNC machine tool grade 15” / 380 mm

touchscreen display has no mechanical

elements, such as fans or rotary hard drives.

-  Main-Frame construction with removable back

panel, so that advances in motor and motor drive

technology can be installed easily.


-  Embedded OS 

Vibrators :


-  Speeds up to 12000 RPM (yes, 200 Hz ! ! ), which greatly expands the range of workpieces into both the very rigid and heavy and those of modest size


-  Tight speed regulation, as low as 0.03%, with no warm-up drift, a problem that plagues motors with brushes


-  Thermal sensors protect the motor from heat, with full display of motor temperature


-  Dual flanged vibrator (Model 8a and 8b) can be operated in any orientation, which is mandatory when treating certain workpiece shapes, such as large rings.

-  Rugged connectors with spring strain reliefs keep cabling functional, even in tough industrial environments



Combining these elements, together with our robust technical support has allowed dozens of shops to produce a steady stream of dimensionally stable, accurate, predictable precision parts.

Site Title

VSR Treatment Chart - Model 7.5

VSR Treatment Chart made using a Model 7.5 VSR System.   Upper plots are acceleration, before (green / baseline) and after (red / documentation) stress relief treatment.   Note that all resonance peaks grew, while the broad peak at ~ 3600 RPM also shifted slightly to the left.   Upper plot is calibrated in acceleration / g's.   Lower plots are vibrator input power, again green = before  /  red = after.   Poor vibrator location would result in much higher power peaks, thus the importance of plotting power.   Horizontal axis is RPM.  To see the VSR Report containing this chart, click here.

V16 engine block being VSR Processed
SpaceX tooling being VSR Processed

Aerospace tooling for the SpaceX Program is setup for VSR Processing, using a T-slotted fixture.  U-shaped workpiece was clamped in three spots (minimum number to determine a plane) and raised / separated from the fixture by 3/16" shims (one visible in left foreground).  Stress relieved in 1 hour.

Advanced VSR is a company that offers vibratory stress relief equipment and services, and has been a pioneer in the field since the 1980's.  The fact that resonant vibration is most effective in relieving stress (several independent research papers state this point) and that vibratory stress relief causes a workpiece's resonance peaks to grow, shift or a combination of both, are just a few of our many discoveries.  


Our research has been published by both the ASME and ASM, copies of which can be seen in our VSR Technical Library.  

V16 diesel engine blocks are one of many VSR applications.  According to Frank Janiszewski of Superior Die Set, Oak Creek, WI :

" We have been using VSR Technology for more than twenty years. One particular application is noteworthy : V16 engine blocks diesel or natural gas generators.


Prior to using the VSR Process, the success rate for achieving final machining tolerances on these engine blocks was less than 50 %. After these blocks were regularly VSR Treated between rough and final machining, that success rate went above 95 %.”


Line bore tolerance was 0.04 mm, full length. 


After VSR Processing was started, more than 95% met this critical tolerance.


Superior Die Set has been using VSR Technology for 20+ years and is currently using our Model 8b VSR System, and discusses their use of VSR and its benefits on their website :

VDW / Vibration During Welding :

Controlling Welding Distortion Safely

VDW of drill rig masts
Drill rig rails nested

VDW / Vibration During Welding

Drill rig masts which telescope together are being welded on left, with distortion kept to 3 mm over 5 m (1/8" over ~ 200") using our pneumatically powered 3D VDW System.    After welding, which required NO STRAIGHTENING after fabrication, these components were VSR Processed, which allowed them to maintain excellent dimensional accuracy during machining.   On right both frames are nested. 

Previously, distortion / straightness of these frames was in the range of 6 to 12 mm (~ 1/4 - 1/2 inch).

VDW reduced distortion between 2 - 4 times.

VIBRATORY STRESS RELIEF (VSR) is an industrial process often used to assure the dimensional stability of a metal structure.    Vibratory stress relief is often used after welding and before machining.  Effective vibratory stress relief causes flexure of the workpiece that combines with internal ("residual") stresses, resulting in plastic flow thru grain migration, within the material.  
For many stress relief applications, effective vibratory stress relief is a suitable, at times, superior substitute, for thermal stress relief.
Metal components that have high levels of residual stress also have increased damping, which suppresses the amplitude of resonance peaks.   Successful stress relief incrementally removes this suppression, allowing the peaks to grow to higher amplitudes, eventually stabilizing.   Often such peak growth is accompanied by peak shifting, typically in the direction of lower frequency, but shifting to higher frequency can occur, and is often an indication of change in workpiece shape.  
By recording, displaying and tuning upon these resonance peaks, the progress of a VSR Treatment can be monitored and documented.   Examples of such VSR Charts can be found in the Library, in VSR Reports.  There also is a Technical Library, where much of the best and pioneering research in this field can be found.
Advanced VSR isolated the phenomenon of damping reduction in the early 1980's, and has used this mechanism to design both vibratory stress relief equipment and procedures that maximize the effectiveness of the VSR Process and make easy the documentation of effective vibratory stress relief.
The slide show above shows examples of both vibratory stress relief equipment and applications.


Adira / Portugal

Advanced Technologies Inc.

Alloy Engineering        

Alloy Fabricators 

Anglo American /Brazil

Automation International

Bad Ass Band Saws

Colonna Shipyard

Controlled Automation

Corley Manufacturing

DBC Makina / Turkey

Dener / Turkey

Dial Machine

Ebco International / Canada

E. D. Industries


Extreme Machine & Fabrication

Fives / Cincinnati Machine


Goodhart Sons

Goodwin International / UK

Howden / TLT Babcock

Ingersoll Machine Tools

Kadant Solutions

Keller Technology

Kovit d.o.o. / Slovenia

KOV d.o.o. / Slovenia

Longwall Associates

Lufer / Brazil







Maintec / Australia

Mainland Machinery / Canada

Martek Fabricating

Merrill Fabricators

Metalex Manufacturing

MCS / Metal Cutting Specialists

M H Eby

Nelson Manufacturing

Northern Valley Machine

Ormat / Israel

Polat Makina / Turkey
Precision Custom Components

R J Florig

Reading Crane

Rock Island Arsenal

Rose Corporation

S&S Machine Shop

Sanggar Sarana Baja / Indonesia

Schoeller Bleckmann Oilfield Eqpt / Vietnam

Steward Machine

Superior Die Set

SWF Industrial

Three D Metal

Tool Room Services / Canada


Utec Metals

Voith Hydro / USA / Brazil / Germany


Wendt / India

How Does Vibratory Stress Relief Work?

Metal components are stress relieved without the use of heat.
Instead, they undergo vibratory stress relief (VSR). This process utilizes precisely-controlled vibration to record the resonance pattern of the metal workpiece.

During VSR, peaks often grow and can shift to lower frequency. Shifts to higher frequency can indicate  inevitable  changes in workpiece shape.

VSR Applications

​​​- Machine Tool Bases & Columns​

​- Hydroturbine Components

​- Paper Mill Machinery Components

- Water Way & Storm Surge Gates

​- Automotive & Aerospace Tooling

- Lifting Devices, Cranes, Yokes, & Clamshells

Why Vibratory Stress Relief?

- Cost Saving Technology

- Time & Energy Savings

- Quality Improvement


- Enhance Structure Integrity

- Control of Manufacture

- Prevent loss of physical properties caused by heat treatment

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